Background: Fat graft transplantation seems a promising cell therapy for hair loss. However, impurities in lipoaspirate weaken the treatment effect. Here, we developed the lipoaspirate extraction method then investigate the effect and mechanism on hair growth-promoting in a mouse model.
Methods: Fat graft was prepared into concentrated nanofat (CNF), decellularized CNF (DCNF), and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). They were injected subcutaneously in the back of depilated mice to test the hair promoting effect. Conditioned media (CM) from the adipose extracts were applied to dermal papilla cells (DPCs) to evaluate the cell viability and the anagen related signal.
Results: CNF and a high dose of ADSCs promoted hair growth and induced telogen-to-anagen transition in depilated mice. DCNF and a low dose of ADSCs did not show such effect; however, hair growth was promoted when they were used in combination. In vitro study showed the CNF-CM treated DPCs exhibited increased proliferation, migration, cell cycle progression, and elevated Wnt/β-catenin pathway protein levels compared with the other treatment groups.
Conclusions: CNF has a better effect than ADSCs in hair promotion via activating the DPCs and anagen induction. In this nature complex of stem cells (SCs) and extracellular matrix (ECM), ECM serves a significant supplementary role and amplifies the power of ADSCs. These results supply a theoretical basis on the clinical application of CNF to treat hair loss.
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